The World Bank established the International Poverty Line as a way to categorize those living in poverty and extreme poverty.
- In 2015, the International Poverty Line was set at $1.90 per day, which is an amount of money that makes it difficult for an individual to access food, clean water, and shelter, and nearly impossible to cover costs related to health and education.
- Extreme poverty describes individuals living on less than $1.90 per day. It is estimated that within developing countries, one in ten people live in extreme poverty.
- Most of the world’s extremely poor people live in Sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of Africa’s extremely poor are located in rural areas, work in agriculture, and lack access to an adequate education.
- In Kenya in 2022, it was estimated that 8,900,000 people (6% of the population) live in extreme poverty. The majority of the extremely poor Kenyans live in rural areas.
Additional information on Extreme Poverty
Extreme Poverty: Everything You Need to Know
World Bank: Poverty Incidence in Kenya Declined Significantly, but Unlikely to be Eradicated by 2030
Number of people living in extreme poverty in Kenya from 2016 to 2022, by area